Septic arthritis is the inflammation of a joint due to a bacterial infection. Symptoms can begin very quickly and can occur in infants, children, and adults. Septic arthritis occurs when bacteria spread through the bloodstream and infect a joint. Most often this type of infection is seen in the knee and hip joints. Bacteria that are easily treatable with antibiotics cause most cases of septic arthritis, however chronic septic arthritis can develop when a particularly virulent strain (like tuberculosis, etc.) is the cause of the infection.
- Inability to move the limb with the infected joint (pseudo-paralysis)
- Intense joint pain
- Joint swelling
- Joint redness
- Low-grade fever
- Rest, Immobilization, Cool compress, Elevation (RICE Method)
- Surgery to drain the fluid in the joint (in severe cases)